acid saponification

кисело осапунване

English-Bulgarian polytechnical dictionary . 2013.

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  • Saponification — of a triglyceride with sodium hydroxide. Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye. In technical terms, saponification involves base (usually caustic soda NaOH) hydrolysis of triglycerides, which are esters of… …   Wikipedia

  • Saponification value — (or saponification number / Koettstorfer number ,[1] also referred to as sap in short) represents the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify 1g of fat under the conditions specified. It is a measure of the average… …   Wikipedia

  • saponification number — n a measure of the total free and combined acids esp. in a fat, wax, or resin expressed as the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required for the complete saponification of one gram of substance called also saponification value * * *… …   Medical dictionary

  • saponification — [sə pän΄ə fi kā′shən] n. 〚Fr < saponifier: see SAPONIFY〛 the conversion of an ester heated with an alkali into the corresponding alcohol and acid salt; specif., this process carried out with fats (glyceryl esters) to produce soap * * *… …   Universalium

  • saponification — [sə pän΄ə fi kā′shən] n. [Fr < saponifier: see SAPONIFY] the conversion of an ester heated with an alkali into the corresponding alcohol and acid salt; specif., this process carried out with fats (glyceryl esters) to produce soap …   English World dictionary

  • Acid value — In chemistry, acid value (or neutralization number or acid number or acidity ) is the mass of potassium hydroxide (KOH) in milligrams that is required to neutralize one gram of chemical substance. The acid number is a measure of the amount of… …   Wikipedia

  • saponification — Conversion into soap, denoting the hydrolytic action of an alkali on fat, especially on triacylglycerols; in histochemistry, s. is used to demethylate or reverse blockage of carboxylic acid groups, thus permitting basophilia to occur. [sapo… …   Medical dictionary

  • saponification — noun a) The hydrolysis of an ester under basic conditions to form an alcohol and the salt of the acid. b) The reaction of a metallic alkali (base) with a …   Wiktionary

  • carboxylic acid — Chem. any organic acid containing one or more carboxyl groups. [1900 05; CARBOXYL + IC] * * * Any organic compound with the general chemical formula ―COOH in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond to make a… …   Universalium

  • alpha-Linolenic acid — Not to be confused with linoleic acid. This article is about alpha linolenic acid. For other uses, see Linolenic acid. α Linolenic acid …   Wikipedia

  • Stearic acid — Stearic acid[1] …   Wikipedia

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